What You Need to Know on Dark Web? A subset of the deep web, dark web means the World Wide Web content that exists on darknets, overlay networks, which use the public Internet but need specific software, configurations or authorization to access. It is a part of the Web that is not indexed by search engines and the sites are effectively hidden so it can only be accessed when the address of the site is known. When special markets operate within the dark web, they are referred to as darknet markets and they often sell illegal products, such as drugs and firearms that are paid for in the cryptocurrency Bitcoin. The dark web has almost total anonymity, which makes it a chosen place for groups who want to stay hidden online from governments and law enforcement agencies. Some whistleblowers use the dark web to communicate with journalists, but it is often used by pedophile groups, terrorists and criminals to keep their dealings secret. There are many ways to gain access, inlcuding the use of Tor (The Onion Router), Freenet and I2P (Internet Visible Project). The most popular among the three, Tor is one of the easiest software packages to utilize as it can be downloaded as bundle software that consists of version of Firefox configured specifically to use Tor. It offers anonymity and secrecy as it relays messages through network of connected Tor relays that are specially configured computers. The messages that hop from one node to another are encrypted to make certain that each relay just knows about the machine that sent the message and the machine it is being sent to.
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Rather than using conventional web addresses, Tor uses “onion” address in order to obscure the content further. Some special versions of search engines such as Bing and Duck Duck Go are designed to send back onion addresses for Tor services. Regardless of being hidden, Tor is not totally anonymous since it can be accessed and potential information about who accessed it, including username and email address, can be found because it is shared. To be totally anonymous, you ought to use special anonymity services to hide your identity.
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Web services won’t happen to popular if there is a means to pay them and this is often done using Bitcoin. It is a peer-to-peer digital currency that regulates itself based on network software. It is made even harder to track Bitcoin on the web by using “mixing services” and Bitcoin transactions are effectively hidden totally. The dark web is frequently used by activists or people who are only concerned in maintaining their privacy and journalists have used it in the past to speak to whistleblowers. It could be considered innocuous, but some prosecutors and government agencies have used it to locate criminal activities.